EN 15194:2017 Testing for E-Bikes for Selling in Europe Explained
EN 15194:2017 is the European standard that sets out the requirements for electrically power-assisted cycles, commonly known as e-bikes. This standard outlines specific safety and performance criteria that e-bikes must meet to ensure their compliance with European regulations. Here are the key requirements specified by EN 15194:2017 for designing and selling e-bikes in Europe:
Electric Power Assistance:
The electric motor must provide assistance only when the rider pedals.
The assistance must cease when the speed reaches 25 km/h or when the rider stops pedaling.
The motor power should not exceed 250 watts.
The e-bike should not be capable of reaching a speed higher than 25 km/h under electric power alone.
If the motor power exceeds 250 watts, it must be limited to 500 watts, but only for short periods (e.g., during acceleration).
Electrical components, such as the motor and battery, should comply with relevant safety standards.
The battery should have an automatic disconnection feature to prevent overcharging.
The e-bike should be equipped with reliable and efficient braking systems capable of stopping the bike safely.
Braking systems should comply with existing bicycle safety standards.
Lighting and Reflectors:
The e-bike must have adequate lighting, including front and rear lights, for visibility during both day and night.
Reflectors on the front, rear, wheels, and pedals should be present.
Frame and Fork:
The frame and fork must be designed and manufactured to withstand the stresses associated with e-bike usage.
They should comply with existing bicycle safety standards.
The e-bike must come with a comprehensive user manual that includes safety instructions, maintenance guidelines, and information on the e-bike's operation.
Markings and Labeling:
The e-bike should bear appropriate markings and labels indicating compliance with EN 15194:2017 and other relevant standards.
Markings should include the maximum motor power, maximum speed, and the name and address of the manufacturer or distributor.
EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility):
The e-bike's electrical system should not cause interference with other devices, and it should be immune to external electromagnetic disturbances.
Mechanical Strength and Stability:
The e-bike should demonstrate sufficient mechanical strength and stability to withstand normal usage conditions.
It is important to note that compliance with EN 15194:2017 is not a legal requirement in all European countries. However, it serves as a widely recognized standard that ensures the safety and performance of e-bikes in the European market. To ensure compliance, it is advisable to consult with regulatory bodies, testing laboratories, or certification organizations that can provide guidance and conduct the necessary tests to verify conformity with EN 15194:2017.
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